Denmark Public Holidays

Denmark Holidays

Denmark is a European country with a population of over 5.5 million people. The main language in Denmark is Danish which is spoken by the majority Danish people. Secondary languages include Greenlandic, German, Folkeskole and Faroese. English is also widely spoken in the country by the majority of Danes. After English, the third most preferred language is German, which is taught as an optional language in most schools.

The Denmark Calendar contains public holidays as well as special holidays.

New Year’s Day: The beginning of the New Year is on 1 January. New Year is known as Nytårsdag in Danish.

Maundy Thursday: The first Thursday of Easter is known as Skærtorsdag in the Danish language. This day has not fixed calendar date. It is a floating holiday that is dependent on the Christian calendar. Holiday always falls in March or April.

Good Friday: The first Friday of Easter is known as Langfredag. Christ was crucified on Good Friday and Christians gather in church to observe this event. Holiday has not fixed date. It varies. Holiday often falls in March or April.

Easter Sunday: The third day of Easter is known as Påskedag meaning Easter Sunday in Danish. Holiday usually occurs in March or April. There is no permanent date. It varies with the Christian Calendar.

Easter Monday: The last day of Easter is known as 2. Påskedag in the Danish language. Christians gather to commemorate the resurrection of Christ.Again, there is no set date for this observance like all Easter holidays. It depends on the Christian Calendar.

Prayer Day: The Danes celebrate Store Bededag on the fourth Friday after the end of Easter Sunday. It is a day of prayer for Christians.

Ascension Day: This holiday has no fixed date. It occurs 40 days after the end of Easter. Christians gather in ceremonies to commemorate the day when Christ ascended to heaven, 40 days from the day of the resurrection. It is known as Kristi Himmelfartsdag in Danish.

Pentecost: This day is commemorated seven weeks (on a Sunday) from the end of Easter. The Holy Ghost came upon the disciples when Christ had ascended to heaven. The observance is known as Pinsedag in Danish. Whitsun in Denmark also starts on this day.

Whit Monday: This holiday occurs the day after Pentecost. It is the second day of Whitsun in Denmark. The holiday is known as 2. Pinsedag in Danish.

Christmas Day: The 25th of December is a Christmas holiday. The Danes call it Juledag / 1. Juledag (1st Day of Christmas).

Christmas Day – Second Day: Christmas continues to its second day, which is called 2. Juledag in Danish.

 

Non-Public Holidays:

Crown Princess’s Birthday: On 5 February, a birthday for the Crown Princess Mary is held. Also known as Prinsesse Marys fødselsdag.

Fastelavn: A traditional holiday derived from an old carnival feast by the Roman Catholic Church. It is observed 7 weeks before the start of Easter Sunday. It’s a flexible holiday like all holidays which are connected to Easter events.

Palm Sunday: Roman Catholic holiday observed on a Sunday, one week before Easter Sunday. Also known as Palmesøndag

April Fool’s Day: This is a secular holiday where people make jokes, hoaxes and spoofs on each other. It is observed on 1 April.

Occupation of Denmark: This is a patriotic holiday to commemorate the invasion of Denmark by Nazi Germany in the Second World War Observed on 9 April, this day of mourning is known as Danmarks besættelse in Danish.

Queen’s Birthday: The birthday of the Queen of Denmark is celebrated on 16 April. Also known as Dronningens fødselsdag in Danish.

Princess Benedikte’s Birthday: This is a royal holiday celebrated by the Danish royal family to mark the birthday of Benedikte, the Princess. It is observed on 29 April.

Workers’ Day: This is observed on 1 May. This is a holiday where members of Labor unions and their representatives gather to mark their legislative victories pertaining to working conditions and remuneration. It is also a day to lay grievances and protest. In Denmark, the day is known as Arbejdernes kampdag – 1. Maj

Liberation Day: Observed on 5 May, it is a day to mark the defeat of the German occupation forces and the liberation of the Bornholm Island during the Second World War The Red Army destroyed the last resistance of German occupying forces who had been holding on to the island after mainland Denmark had been liberated. This holiday is known as Danmarks befrielse

Crown Prince Frederik Day: This is a royal holiday to mark the birthday of Prince Frederiks.It is celebrated on 26 May. Also known as Frederiks fødselsdag

Constitution Day: The constitution of Denmark was established in 1849.It is celebrated on 5 June and is known as Grundlovsdag.

Reunion Day: This is celebrated on 15 June to mark the 1219 victory of Valdemar II in the Estonia battle. It also marks the unification of Sønderjylland with Denmark in 1920.

St John’s Eve: The eve of the summer solstice is celebrated on 23 June. This is a day to remember John the Baptist (Sankt Hans Johannes).A bonfire is started on the night of 23 June to celebrate this occasion. The day is called Snkt Hans aften in Danish.

Halloween: The Danes celebrate Halloween, a secular holiday on the western calendar. It is celebrated on 31 October. A holiday based on superstition, forces of the dark are the theme on this holiday. People wear costumes representing zombies, ghosts, witches and other symbols of bad luck. It is known as Allehelgensaften in Danish.

St Martin’s Day Eve: This is observed on 10 November on the eve of St.Martin’s Day. The 11th of October is St. Martins Day, a Roman Catholic holiday that commemorates St Martin (Sankt Morten) by preparing goose dinner. The holiday is known as Mortensaften

St Lucy’s Day: This Roman Catholic holiday is observed on 13 December to commemorate St Lucy. It has been celebrated in Denmark since the 1940s and in Sweden since 1928.It is called Sankta Lucia in Danish.

Christmas Eve: The day before Christmas is known as Juleaften.The Danish Christmas begins on the night of 24 December. It is a typical holiday where family gathers and have dinner. Christmas trees and gifts are purchased for this special occasion.

New Year’ Eve: The day before New Year is known as Nytårsaften.The Danish New Year celebrations begins on 31 December. Friends and family gather to enjoy special dinner. People will be eating and drinking until 12 midnight when champagne is popped and fireworks are launched to celebrate the New Year. Here ends the Denmark Calendar.