Cuba is a country in Latin America with a population of over 11 million people. Spanish is the official language. The Cuba Calendar is dominated by patriotic National holidays of historical and political significance. There are only two international holidays of which Christmas is the only religious holiday. The following are the official holidays on the Cuban calendar:
Triumph of the Revolution: There is no New Year’s Day in Cuba. On 1 January, a National holiday known as the Triumph of the Revolution is celebrated in place of New Year. This is a commemoration for Fidel Castro’s revolution which started in 1959.The ruling Fulgencio Batistas was deposed from power and Fidel Castro took control. The holiday is known as Triunfo de la Revolucion.
Armed Forces Day: On the 2nd of January, there is a holiday to celebrate the Armed Forces.
Labor Day: This was the only international holiday before Christmas was approved by the government when the Pope visited Cuba in 1998.Observed on 1 May, the workers and their role in the society are celebrated. The Cubans call it Dia de los trabajadores.
First Day – Moncada Garrison Assault: Held on 25 July, this holiday observes the events before the assault on Moncada garrison.
Second Day – Day of National Rebellion: This is commemorated on 26 July. This is the day when Moncada garrison was attacked. On 26 July 1953, Fidel Castro led an army of 160 men to attack the Moncada Army garrison. The incidence took place in the city of Santiago de Cuba. The plan did not go well but this was the beginning of Castro’s revolution to oust the ruling Fulgencio Batista. This holiday is known as Día de la Rebeldía Nacional in Spanish.
Third Day – Moncada Garrison Assault: This is celebrated on 27 July after the Day of National Rebellion. The Moncada Garrison assault commemoration is usually a 3-day holiday, beginning on 25 July and ending on 27 July.
Independence Day: Cuba celebrates its independence day on 10 October. This commemorates the 10 year war of independence against the Spanish that was started by Carlos Manuel de Cespedes and his slaves on 10 October 1868.The holiday is known as Dia de la Independencia.
Christmas Day: The Cubans celebrate Christmas Day or Navidad on 25 December.Traditionally, Cuba did not celebrate Christmas as the day was on observed on the Cuba Calendar. The country’s adoption of communism meant that there was no room for Western influences and Christianity.However, since the visit of Pope John Paul II to the country in 1998, Christmas is now observed on the Cuban calendar.